Salutes to the masses and to the Brazilian martyrs
As RPFM, with great joy and emotion we bring here today in occasion of this celebration, the strong salute of our women comrades, labourers, proletarian women which are struggling in our country, to the popular masses that are rebelling and fight in Brazil to advance along the path for conquering a new power.
We honor all martyrs and women martyrs which have fallen fighting and combating and have raised the red flag of the revolutionary struggle.
On the 50th anniversary of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in China, we want to first honor the comrade Chiang Ching, militant and leader of the Chinese Communist Party, whose life was always at the service of the revolutionary struggle of the masses for the construction of a society free from exploitation and oppression of the ruling system, to advance along the road to communism.
Great was the Chiang Ching commitment on the issue of women in order to develop the struggle for genuine liberation from social and family oppression.
The ruling classes have deliberately distorted the meaning of life and death of Chiang Ching and, in general, on her you know the lies and slanders reported by the bourgeois press. It is obvious that the oppressors have hated her, because today, as then, Chiang Ching is a living and shining beacon for all, a comrade and communist leader who embodied fully the meaning of "It is raight to rebel" and that as a woman also concretely implemented the slogan "unleash the fury of women as a mighty force for revolution"… showing that this is possible!
Chiang Ching had to fight not only against obscurantism and patriarchy in Chinese society, but also against the internal one at the same CCP which, for a long time, until the '60s, prevented her from having a public political role.
Always on the side of Mao, she fought hard against everything that wanted to hinder and prevent the revolutionary development of the masses in China, the construction of socialism; and it was mainly in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution launched by Mao in May 1966, which brought to light his great firmness and ideological militancy, always strenuously defending it until her death, against the revisionists, even inside the Party, which aimed to did the capitalist restoration in China.
In the GPCR, Chiang Ching was at the fore as a leader comrade on several fronts. She animated and led many young rebels, the Red Guards, in the hard fight against the followers of the capitalist road, she difended in the deepest way the right of the masses to storm the heavens, to defy tradition and sweep away the old reaction in every field; she fought with great enthusiasm against revisionism, intervening decisively in the superstructural field of culture and education, giving a great contribution also to the revolution in the arts, in particular in the context of the theater, according to the proletarian revolutionary line that placed as its centre the mass action against the revisionist line that hiding behind an apparent ‘new’, continued to defend the privileges of class.
After Mao's death for 15 long years she was imprisoned by the revisionists who, with a coup, took power. But even in prison Chiang Ching with great strength and pride continued to rebel and claim the rightness of the GPCR, holding high the red flag of mlm, of communism, until his captors, unable to bend his will, left she die.
But her death does not deleted in any case her immeasurable value and her being an example for women and all humanity, her being one of the greatest communist revolutionary leaders of our time, to which women must look and especially women comrades, women revolutionaries, women communists if really we want to storm the heavens.
Today in China, the Maoist left that is working to resume the path traced by Mao, looks and refers to Chiang Ching, and thousands are the testimonies of revolutionary love that even with much difficulty come to light.
Who does not value the role of Chiang Ching in the GPCR, does not recognize in reality the role of the revolutionary women's movement in the PCR, and raises the flag of the GPCR to scuttle the GPCR.
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution has been the most modern experience of the proletariat, which has shown how to bring the revolutionary struggle in all areas, not only in the structure but also in the superstructure. Women, during the years preceding the PCR, thanks to the democratic and socialist revolution and the People's Republic had already acquired great social changes: the massive entry into the working world, in the factories, the reform of the marriage law, reform of the system education, see for example the free education courses for women farmers, the agrarian reform, etc. that had brought women from a black state oppression to "free their feet, their bodies, their spirits"; but it is with the GPCR that women are called to become the very protagonists of the assault on the sky, to carry out directly the "revolution within the revolution".
During the wind of the GPCR women had to struggle on all fields, to win the half of the sky, starting from inside and outside home, to neighborhoods, to factories, to a new education of children; against sexual violence they organized neighborhood committees and conduct popular trials against rapists husbands or fathers; birth control pills were distributed among women that could start to decide on their own lives and maternity ...
But for this they had to fight against the conceptions and obstacles even among the party cadres, but mostly they always had to fight valiantly against the Liu Shao-chi revisionists attempts to exclude them from work and relegate them back into domestic work.
"Liu Shao-chi was hostile to a choice that would put women at the forefront of production, outside the domestic hearth, a position that was consistent with the choice of a capitalist mode of accumulation, which traditionally developed in the world, relegating the woman in precise pictures as housewives.
Liu Shao-chi was for a policy of incentives and higher wages that would allow the man the economic maintenance of the woman restored to its traditional role of housewife. (From the magazine Red Flag).
In the magazine of the party, 'Red Flag", 1971, it is said: an open problem in China is how to "enhance the revolutionary role of women." It is done an assessment of the struggle between the two lines and the two classes during the Cultural Revolution and how the counterrevolutionary line of Liu Shao-chi on the women's movement has been broken. "However - wrote Red Flag - the class struggle is not over. During the revolution and socialist construction, there is still a serious class struggle on the issue of women.”
Chairman Mao said: “It is necessary to fight again against the conceptions that despise the women's movement." For this, the Party Committee and the cadres have urged the comrades to assess the importance of women's work, starting from three aspects:
1) move from the conception of the class struggle to deal with women's work: if the proletariat does not make use of Mao Tse-tung Thought to educate women, the bourgeosie will then use the rotten thinking of the exploiting classes to be harmful to women;
2) Women are more than half the population, and without their full mobilization can be no real mass movement;
3) women represent a great human potential.
Through these 'three aspects' everybody understood better than to make a revolution is essential mobilizing women".
"It is necessary to mobilize women so that they can break the spiritual chains and unfold a revolutionary spirit. Through the influence of the millenary feudal ideology, among women, hurted by the poison of the counterrevolutionary revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi, there was still a minority chained to the old traditional conceptions. "
"Women hold up half the sky" said Mao. “But women have to conquer half the sky," he added. The proletarian cultural revolution in this field has also had one of his political and ideological fronts just because women had not yet reached the half of the sky."
In "Red Flag" it was stated that during the Great Cultural Revolution mentality of women "has experienced great changes and there will be many more women who perform their function in the construction of power."
Women workers in the PCR stated that their commitment was not only productive, and went beyond the use a workforce that in other societies would remain unemployed, rather it was intended to transform the social environment in which they operated. And at the center of this transformation there was not only the changing conception of proper condition of women, but the revolutionization, in the neighborhood and in the family, of the role of women.
"Even within families there is a revolutionization to be done" said a young comrade "it is necessary let the revolutionary critique penetrate in it, founded on the destruction of the five old ideas, and put in the five new concepts: destroy the thesis of uselessness of women; establish the thesis that women must conquer with courage up half the sky; destroy the feudal moral of the submissive wife and good mother to establish instead the ideal of proletarian revolutionaries; destroy the mentality of dependence and subordination to man, and establish the strong will to be free; destroy the conceptions of the bourgeoisie and establishing the proletarian conceptions; destroy the family interest conception to establish the proletarian conception of the family."
"The proletariat, through the cultural revolution, made its raid in the ideology, even revolutionarizing the ideological apparatus of the family, overcoming always that condition which made Engels exclaim that the woman is a proletarian twice, once of the society and the other of man."
"When women are mobilized, they can make huge things." Said a woman organizer of a neighborhood in China.
For Mao the issue of women was always more on the agenda of his reflections.
And this even about was happening outside China: he studied the emancipating womens’ pushes of movements in the United States and other Western societies. He supported women's revolts that snaked around the world.
In the not easy but exciting path of the revolutionary struggle, so that the majority of women could liberate themselves from double oppression produced by this capitalist system that can not be reformed but only overthrown, the GPCR teaches us that revolution is incomplete if it does not develops a "revolution within revolution” that is necessary to break all economic and ideological shackles of the bourgeois system that makes of the oppression of women a basis for its existence.
There will be necessary one and more PCR, because the ideas, habits, conceptions, bourgeois culture, the old relationships, which are for women a source of infinite oppression, do not change from one day to another. It is necessary to continue the revolution to overthrow the earth but also the heavens, till to the relationship between man and woman, which are even more die hard, even harder to be overturned.
These teachings must be grasped today and at every stage:
In the battle to conquer women and proletarian women to the revolutionary struggle, Maoism and the GPCR are a challenge to revisionism, to bourgeois feminism, because they show the way so that all instances of rebellion against capitalism, patriarchal and modern fascist ideology, can and must find their organized forms of fighting in the struggle for the revolution.
In Italy, we, inspired by the struggle of Chiang Ching, we have raised the banner of the "revolution within the revolution".
The first nucleus of MFPR, generated organism of the Maoist Communist Party Italy, was founded in 1995 as "collective Chiang Ching". The reference to Chiang Ching, to the GPCR meant grasping the slogan: "It is right to rebel", it meant to combat neorevisionists, the economicists, the opportunists, the bourgeois and petty bourgeois feminists; but also against male chauvinism/patriarchy present within communist organizations and parties, and the m-l mechanisism which denies the necessity of revolution in the revolution of women to move heaven and earth, and break the double chains of the female universe!
But even now, without a continue struggle/breaking against the many oppressions/chains of women, primarily those of the family, but also of oppression, ideological bourgeois habits, the proletarian women often, even in the imperialist countries like ours, could not even participate at a demonstration, or a strike.
The women's struggle must bring the class to deal with the fact that if it wants to lead everything, and the working class has to lead everything, it should lead a movement that also involves all the conditions of women.
But especially in the battle for the construction of the communist party of new type the women comrades should grasp the conception of "revolution within the revolution" to fight in every field, even within the party, the continued existence of bourgeois ideas, and take the party into their hands.
Hail the 50th anniversary of the GPCR
Hail comrade Chiang Ching
Long live the revolution within the revolution
Unleash the fury of women as a mighty force of the revolution
In conclusion, the comrades of the Revolutionary proletarian feminist movement want to express in this moment too, with revolutionary pain and love, a strong salute to comrade Sandra Lima, founder and leader of the Movimento Feminino Popular Brazil and Marxist-Leninist-Maoist revolutionary militant.
Some of us have had the joy and honor to know comrade Sandra, his strength, his indomitable revolutionary spirit.
We will always held his memory, will spread her words, and she will be for us a reference in the difficult but exciting revolutionary struggle of women, in which once again comrades like Sandra give an example of a fighter determination, courage till the last moment of their lives.
We join the cry of the women comrades and comrades of Brazil:
"Companheira Sandra: Presente na luta!"
Revolutionary Proletarian Feminist Movement Italy
14 october 2016