Yürüyüş, 71st issue, June 17, 2018
Everywhere where there is fascism,
there is repression, exploitation, massacres, corruption, bribery, favouritism,
injustice, lynching and torture.
TORTURE IS A POLICY OF FASCISM WHICH HAS
LOST ITS LEGITIMACY TO INTIMIDATE AND SUPPRESS THE PEOPLE!
At the same
time as relations of dependency on imperialism developed, torture became
systematic. When talking of torture, the first thought that comes to mind in our
country is the Ziverbey Palace and Sansaryan House.
Starting in the 1950s
and 1960s, CIA experts directly resorted to torture which in later years was
directed in a more centralised, widespread and institutional way at
revolutionaries and people’s liberation fighters.
Together with the
development of neo-colonialism, torturers like Hiram Abbas were trained by the
CIA. As the revolutionary struggle developed, and revolutionary organisations
attracted the masses, repression and torture also escalated.
The Turkish Language Association defines it like this: torture
is extreme material or moral wearing down of a person.
of torture: “Every kind of behaviour that aims to intimidate, deter, seek
revenge, punish or collect information by consciously causing severe pain,
physically or psychologically.
The most frequent use of it is as a tactic
during questioning in an attempt to get a confession. Governments also use
torture as a means of repression or a threat aimed at controlling
If we use the broadest definition, it means intense physical
and psychological pressure to make people do things contrary to their will and
In different periods of history, on different continents,
different torture methods have been practised so rulers could impose their will.
Here are some torture methods practised in the past and in our days:
Severe beating, falaka (beating of the soles of the feet), fracture arms, legs
or the skull.
b – Psychological torture. Using intense mental, emotional or
psychological pressure, threats as a means of intimidation, arbitrary behaviour.
Threatening with a gun, abducting people with their eyes covered, mock
executions, burying them in the ground.
c – Attacks on values as a mean of
torture. Political, religious or threats to families, those you love most.
Attacking beliefs and values.
d – If these don’t work, they wear down people
by pretending they are insane.
e – Sexual assault, rape, forcing objects into
the anus, or harassment and rape directed at your spouse or children.
Handcuffing, suspending people by the arms, tying both arms and feet, electric
shocks, putting people in icy water.
g – Sleep deprivation, not allowing
people to use the toilet.
h – Leaving people in an unventilated area for a
long time, solitary confinement.
i – Urinating on people or smearing
excrement on them, forcing them to eat excrement.
j – The galleys, forced
Such a list could be lengthened.
George Ryley Scott wrote:
“’The History Of Torture’ could be described in this way. We read that it was
considered reasonable and inevitable for prisoners taken in war to be tortured…
In the earliest times war prisoners were sacrificed to the gods. It was
considered inevitable to inflict death and torture on enemy tribes and so rather
than be taken alive, many put an end to themselves… The Mexican Aztec sacrificed
all their prisoners to the god Tezcatpoca and the forms of death were
In the history of Greece, torture was not used on free
citizens to obtain testimony or a confession but it was used as a
In Rome, in many situations the best and often only way to
get slaves to tell the truth was considered to be the use of torture; the master
of the slave had absolute power over them and they were always punished ın the
most cruel and brutish ways.
Pope Innocent III developed a plan to
counter those who dared to rebel against the church. In the first half of the
13th century St Dominic established the first General Inquisition. The first was
held in 1233 in Toulouse. Five years later another was held in Aragon. They
rapidly spread to Germany, Holland, Spain Portugal and France. Pope Innocent
issued an official letter in 1252, authorising torture to obtain confessions. To
obtain confessions, torture was used, ending in death and those who failed to
confess were burned at the stake or impaled, with others given life-long
In England in 1571, Queen Elizabeth issued a document to
authorise torture on a state-wide scale in response to a rebellion by the “Duke
of Norfolk and his servants”.
In Nazi Germany, hundreds of thousands of
Communists, workers, intellectuals and Jews were killed in concentration camps,
passed through torture centres and burned in crematoria.
bourgeoisie continued a policy of torture against blacks in particular in its
own country, while against the world’s peoples, exploitation, massacre and
In the USA’s torture planes and ships, in Abu Ghraib
and Guantanamo prisons, nearly all the tortures we have listed have been
practised. In particular, dragging people through excrement and rape have been
practised. As US capitalism’s crisis worsens, its tortures grow more
Jews have been targeted the most by the torture politics of
fascism but today the state of Israel, imperialism’s gendarme in the Middle
East, does not hesitate to use all torture methods to destroy the Palestinian
In our country torture has continued in all its violence, from
the period of the Ottoman Empire to today. The Ottomans issued instructions
authorising torture against those who did not pay taxes. Thousands of peasants
who did not have the money to pay taxes were subjected to severe torture.
Villagers who could not pay taxes were flogged by the tax officials.
our day, anyone who comes up against the government from every section of the
people, is tortured, put in isolation prisons and deprived of even the most
To continue their own system, unimaginable torture methods
of repression and torture are practised by rulers as an inescapable necessity
and an expression of their fear.
It is known that these policies of
repression, terror and exploitation on the part of exploiting classes are not a
new thing. In neo-colonial countries like ours, exploitation and class
contradictions mean torture is practised extensively.
oligarchy does not give rights to the people, it tries to suppress reactions
against it with repression and terror. There are specially trained units of
police, soldiers, prison guards, village guards and special security units whose
only duty is that of torture.
The AKP’s fear of the people grows greater
with every passing day, and it has started organising armed units, some whose
names are known, some unknown, some semi-legal, others illegal, some operating
in the country, some abroad, as is deemed necessary.
In the streets, in
the official offices, in the prisons, in the mountains, uniformed or
plainclothes, thousands of enemies of the people are being trained. Every year
their contingents are boosted. The number of police is boosted with “Dolphins”,
motorised teams and so on.
The torture by the fascist state’s security
forces is not simply designed to inflict pain on revolutionaries and force
confessions, it also aims to undermine respect for their values, ideology,
leaders and comrades. They try to trample on their honour, personality and
This is why, besides the known physical and psychological
tortures, they try to persuade you that your ideological beliefs and values are
wrong. The form may change but the aim is the same, they seek to get the
revolutionaries to give in to take away the hope of the people, so they use
severe torture of revolutionaries and massacres to intimidate the
This is why they torture even the dead bodies of guerrillas,
strip them naked and drag them on the ground, sexually abuse them, cut off ears
and noses, burn them, put the bodies in mass graves or throw them in acid
In our country, gendarmes began to be used against revolutionaries
in the second half of the last century, since the 1960s.
offices were established to carry out operations, torture, force confessions and
massacres aimed at bringing about surrender, these were later called TEM
(Struggle Against Terror offices). MIT (security service of Turkey) offices also
set up torture centres.
In the period of the March 12 and September 12
juntas, electric shocks, beating on the buttocks, suspension, pulling out nails,
soaking people and then exposing them to cold, beating until blood flows and so
on, every kind of physical and psychological torture were
After the 1980 fascist junta, people detained were subjected
to severe torture.
During the time Hasan Fehmi Gunes was at the Interior
Ministry, Ankara police department established the Deep Research Laboratory
(DAL) and as a result of its systematic torture dozens were murdered and
hundreds left handicapped.
In the 1990s, as the revolutionary struggle
rose, the oligarchy experienced deep crisis. This is why this was a period of
state of emergency declarations, the burning of villages, large-scale massacres,
and disappearances practised on an extensive scale.
Birtan Altinbas was
detained at the exit of Beytepe campus in Hacettepe University on January 9,
1991. He was subjected to severe torture in Ankara DAL and on January 16 he was
martyred in Gulhane military forensic faculty after torture.
Simsek was abducted by contra-guerrillas on January 24, 1995. She was found
murdered on April 13 in Kirikkale.
The prisons that were designed to
grind revolutionaries down turned into a resistance position and a school since
the 1980s. Every attack met resistance. This was why fascism showed savagery in
the prisons too.
On September 21, 1995 in Buca Prison, the state carried
out a massacre to break the resistance of revolutionary prisoners and to take
revenge for escapes. Turan Kilic, Yusuf Bag and Ugur Sariaslan were killed by
gunfire and sever torture.
On January 4, 1996 in Umraniye Prison, Abdulmecit
Seckin, Orhan Ozen, Riza Boybas and Gultekin Beyhan were murdered.
September 26, 1999, beams were used to crush prisoners’ skulls and their throats
were also cut. Ten prisoners were murdered, among them Ismet Kavaklioglu, Ahmet
Savran and Aziz Donmez.
In the massacre of December 19-22, 2000, the
biggest prison massacre in our country happened, and it was also the biggest
military operation in our country since the Cyprus operation. Bulldozers tore
holes in walls and holes in roofs were used to throw gas canisters that resulted
in prisoners being burned alive. In the course of four days of massacres and
resistance 28 revolutionaries were murdered.
To implement IMF policies,
Sikorsky helicopters, battalions of soldiers, police and prison guards
approached prison doors early in the morning. For a year they had made plans
using scale models because of the resistance, and the resistance played down the
casualties saying they were “less than we expected”.
After the year 2000,
these were years in which it was claimed that the hope of socialism was finished
and the world was a “global village”, and with such sophistry they sought to
encourage disbelief and denial on the left and end any hope for
But on the soil of Anatolia Front revolutionaries frustrated
such imperialist calculations. The Front opposed the occupations of Afghanistan
and Iraq. Prisoners in the jails set themselves on fire as imperialism
calculated on achieving regime change in 22 countries of the Middle East. They
proved that ideology had not died and there were values to die for. And fascism
was once again defeated by revolutionary will.
TORTURE IS A POLICY THAT
HAS NO LEGITIMACY IN THE EYES OF THE PEOPLES AND IS DESIGNED TO INTIMIDATE THE
PEOPLE AND KEEP THEM UNDER PRESSURE
In our country fascism is constant.
And in a country of constant fascism, resistance is also constant. If on the one
hand fascism succeeds in getting organisations and individuals to surrender, it
has come unstuck against the willpower of Front revolutionaries. In the
mountains, cities, interrogation centres, prisons, young or old, man or woman,
they could not get Front supporters to surrender.
On September 28, 2008,
Engin Ceber, Cihan Gun Aysu Baykal and Ozgur Karakaya were detained while
selling Yuruyus magazine in Istinye and they were tortured in both the Istinye
police station and in Sariyer security department. They were jailed and sent to
Metris Prison and the torture continued.
In Metris they were put in
isolation cells. Towards morning they were soaked with water and then beating
with clubs. Engin Ceber refused to get up for the roll call and after days of
torture he was martyred on October 10 when the guards fractured his skull by
beating his head against an iron door.
The People’s Front was tireless in
exposing the torture from the first moment, and as a result of the resolute work
of lawyers torturer guards were punished. Moreover for the first time in the
country’s history a justice minister said “sorry” about the torture and accepted
that it had happened. Admittedly our comrades and friends did not want “sorry”,
but justice. We wanted justice and practised it.
Torture has continued in
our country since it was established and is a state practice. In order to
continue their exploitation of the masses of people, the ruling classes use
various methods to extend their life, such as TV, the press, football, the
education system and so on. Torture is just one of these methods. They use
violence to silence human beings who rebel against their exploitation and thus
seek to prevent the truth reaching the people.
So in the conditions of
our country, there is no other way the system of exploitation can continue in
being. In every period they have tried to leave the people’s opposition
leaderless by using torture to get revolutionaries to give up their beliefs and
surrender. The essential aim of torture is to silence the people as well as the
revolutionaries and ensure that the system of tyranny and exploitation can
continue without problems.
State Terror And Torture Continue
our country they play a democracy game. On the one hand they shout about human
rights and democracy, on the other they trample human rights and honour
underfoot. Every day the torturers commit one crime against the people after
Using the July 15 coup attempt as a pretext, OHAL (state of
emergency) was declared, but the resistance to this and the people’s struggle is
proof that it will win and fascism will not be able to achieve a
As a result of the KHK (emergency decrees) hundreds of thousands
have been thrown out of work. But only the civil servants from the Public Sector
Workers’ Front (KEC) have resisted. For over two years the KC have resisted on
Ankara Yuksel Avenue and just for wanting their jobs back have been exposed to
two attacks a day during that period.
On June 8, that is, the 577th day
of the resistance, the resisters were again outdoors to demand their jobs back.
They were surrounded by police, were forced into vehicles and one of the
torturers punched Nazan Bozkurt. As a result of being hit Nazan’s cheekbone was
Nazan was operated on as there was a risk of losing sight in the
left eye, and her older sister Gulnaz Bozkurt, resisting like Nazan, said the
following the next day:
“We want our jobs. Yesterday, the security police
brought a woman wanting her job back to the state that her cheekbone was broken,
her face was covered in blood and she needed an operation. AKP fascism thinks
that people wanting their jobs back deserve this treatment. The same police in
Istanbul use torture and fracture the skulls of young people.
drown in the blood you spill with torture, no elections, no ballot boxes, no
sultanates you establish will save you. You will give a reckoning for all this.
You will give a reckoning for Nazan Bozkurt. You will give a reckoning for
Nuriye and Semih. You will give a reckoning for Mehmet Dersulu’s leg. You will
give a reckoning for Esra.
No crime will remain unpunished. The people
will demand a reckoning from you. This will not wait until the Last Judgment. We
want our jobs back and we will get them back. Do as you wish, even if you remove
our eyes, our friends have eyes. If you break our ribs and arms we will still
come out onto YUKSEL.
We have sent a file to the governor of Ankara,
saying “Stop the torture in Yuksel”. We have handed over 110 photographs of
torture. Who gave the order the same evening to do this to Nazan? Who gave you
this order? Where are the police, where are the police kept? The people who
punched aunt Perihan’s face into fragments, who pulled out beards, pulled out
eyes, what do you think the people believe? Do you think you can hide what you
did to Nazan? Do you think the reckoning for a woman wanting her job back can be
delayed to the Last Judgment? Justice will demand a reckoning, on way or
We will not give up. Did you think you could intimidate
willpower that can keep going for 578 days? Did you think we would
BREAK US, BEAT US, WE DO NOT DIE SO EASILY. We know our love
for this homeland, we know our love for this people. We are not going
People’s resistance architect Alev Sahin says, “I am in the
arena of resistance because of Nazan’s anger and the absolute hope that we will
win. After investigation, today or tomorrow she will undergo an operation. A
young woman who is the apple of our eyes; if they are heroes let them try to
make us well-behaved.”
After being tortured, Nazan made a statement: “THE
TORTURERS KNOW THAT THEY WILL NOT BE ABLE TO INTIMIDATE US, I AM JUST SAD I WILL
HAVE TO STAY AWAY FROM YUKSEL FOR A FEW DAYS. WE KNOW THEM AND A RECKONING WILL
BE DEMANDED FROM ALL OF THEM!”
On the day following the torture, the KEC
people were again in the square and this time the resistance was about Nazan’s
eye. They flicked the blood on their hands at the police and demanded a
reckoning from them even at the cost of experiencing the same torture. Fascism
is helpless against even one resister. This is why they are in a frenzy to
attack, torture, organise lynch attacks and create provocations.
architect Alev Sahin started her resistance in Duzce and it is in its 303rd day
in front of the AKP building, she talks to the people of her demand to get her
job back and a woman interrupts her speech. Alev continues to expose them, the
concern of the AKP woman increases and she tries to engage in a provocation.
Previously Alev frustrated an attempt to lynch her and she frustrates this
provocation as well.
Nothing works against revolutionary willpower. This
is why the hope and the united force of the people spread by our resistance one
by one will be the end of the torturers, the fascist system and the murderous
The AKP’s repression and provocations are not limited to
this country. The 46-year-old Cahit Zorel, who has lived in Belgium for 17
years, is resisting for the sake of his “right to remain”… While resisting in
the middle of Europe in front of a court in Brussels, a supposed centre of
democracy, an AKP supporter attacked him with a knife.
The AKP fascist
tore the banner but did not harm Cahit, but he threatened to come back. Why is
the AKP worried by this protest action directed at the Belgian
Because Cahit clearly defends revolutionary beliefs. Revolutionism
is not a crime, it is a duty, for this reason his right to remain was taken away
and he is showing determination in demanding it back.
“Having my right to
remain taken away is not just an injustice to me. I felt that this attack must
be publicised and announced. It is possible to resist such injustices,” Cahit
The Belgian state gives no explanation for not giving the right to
remain. After all the necessary procedures have been practised, they are showing
their true faces. The Belgian government said, “We cannot give right to remain
because of your revolutionary beliefs. It creates a danger to nation and
stability to give this man right to remain.” Cahit Zorel resists with the
legitimacy of socialism the arbitrariness of the Belgian state not giving right
to remain after 17 years.
“In the end, I am in the right and I am certain
my resistance is also a resistance for everyone to be able to support as it is a
matter of concern to them. I took the decision to resist with these thoughts in
mind and indeed the support I have received shows that those who resist do not
go without support. If we resist, not only do we win but we put up a barricade
in front of other injustices.
What are revolutionary beliefs? To want a
just system without exploitation, torture and repression. These are the thoughts
that (they say) create a danger to nation and stability,” he said.
Zorel is resisting torture and torturers who say, do not think of the people,
let the children die, stop questioning this system of exploitation and fighting…
He experienced a knife attack but again does not give up resisting and what is
right… There is no difference between those who attack Cahit and those in Duzce
or Yuksel who drag 70-year old women along the ground and practise
Wherever they are in the world, the supporters of the Front
continue to act on the principle “Wherever there is repression you will resist,
wherever there is an enemy you will fight”. This is why the imperialists and the
collaborationist oligarchy cannot get a result.
Torture is a state policy. If governments change this wheel always turns.
Torture starts on the street and continues at every step.
You are detained
and as a formality you are brought to a doctor’s treatment room and then it is
the turn of the prosecutor. Questions are asked like, “Did you do that?” and “Do
you know this one?” Whether or not torture is used, they have no problem
learning something and doing what they need to do.
How easily they can jail
people who act against their interests. This is why they do not ask anything and
do not learn about torture. There are even some who persistently defend torture
on the grounds of “They will do as little of it as they have to”. Yes, there is
a wheel. The teeth on the wheel turn. Prosecutors, police, courts – all are a
part of this system. And they serve this system.
2 – Torture is
systematic and constant. It is not “done by a few police who do not know better”
or a “special” event. And lies like torture is an “excuse” or the “lack of
police training” are devoid of credibility.
Because torture is not “the work
of a few cops” nor is it a “special” event and it is not able to be solved by
“police training” (and police are in any case trained in how torture is
necessary). Torture is state policy. And there will be torture in a society
based on exploitation and tyranny.
3 – Since torture is a state policy,
struggle against torture must contain struggle against the system.
is a crime against humanity, resisting torture for the honour of our people, our
comrades, those close to us and ourselves is necessary to be a human
4 – It is important to see that torture has a “class” content.
Torture is used to maintain an obvious system of exploitation. For this reason
the names may change – padisah, sadrazam, kolagasi (Ottoman official titles) or
prime minister, president, security director, gendarmerie commander… but this
policy does not change.
5 – Torture is a crime against humanity directed
at human honour. But it can be directed by the organised struggle of the
Torture is a part of the state’s war declared on the people. It is a
weapon that will be used more and more as the war becomes more intense. In
response to this, to frustrate the aims of the state, it is our duty to be
angrier against it and not to bear it.
6 – To resist the torture we
encounter face to face, and to struggle against the torture done to others and
not remain silent – this is a necessity for an honourable human being. Because
torture as has always been said, is a crime against humanity. Repression and
torture will not succeed in obstructing the revolutionary struggle.
torture centres, concentration camps, gallows, the bottom of walls, swear to our
comrades and revolutionary fighters that you will create legends that break
chains! And that those who fall will not be forgotten! And that the blood that
is shed will not remain there! And that the flag in our hands will not
As yesterday, we will continue to demand a reckoning for every arm that
is broken, every bullet that is fired, all the blood that is spilled, every
thread of hair on the road.
We will drown fascism in the blood it has
spilled. And we will win!