.Engels, an exemplary theorist that can not
be separated from Marx.
Engels was a great teacher who led the worldproletariat along with Marx and the theory ofworking class. He was from the capitalist class butadopted working class philosophy.Engels was born on November 28, 1820 in thetown of Barmen in the Rhine Province of thekingdom of Prussia (Germany). His father was theowner of a yarn industry. He wanted his son tobecome his heir. Engels went against his father’swishes. He opposed the rise of industries,capitalists and their wealth. He mingledwith the working class.He provided the working classwith the most incredible ideologicalweapons needed to change theirlives.In 1842, Engels studied theconditions of the pre-industrialworking class in England for 21months. In 1845, at the age of 24,he wrote a book entitled‘Conditions of the working class inEngland’. He journeyed with theworking class, made deep insights intotheir conditions and analyzed it in manyof his writings.He understood the historical role of the workingclass. Realizing the importance of economicfoundation of the society, he encouraged Marx tostudy economics. The philosophical significanceidentified by Marx, coupled with Engels’ historicalvision contributed greatly to the theory of classicalSocialism.Engels, together with Marx in his book ‘GermanIdeology’ in 1844, outlined the historical materialistview, which was the philosophical basis ofCommunist theory. Engels became a true social allyof the working class, proposing a theory that neededto radically change the society as a whole. Heidentified the working class as the driving force forsocial change.The conflict of ideas between Marx and Engelscontributed greatly to their mutual intellectualdevelopment and laid the foundations for scientificsocialist theory. The First International formed withthe initiative and in the leadership of thetwo great thinkers contributed to theformation of a broad communistcommunity. With the commonunderstanding of the two, Engelsmade some small changes to whatwas being prepared, and that was‘The Communist Manifesto’.Engels described the necessityof proletarian revolution thatabolishes the existence of classesin his book ‘Scientific Socialism’ in1880s.Engels, the leader of the worldproletariat, had direct contact with theworking class struggles in Manchestersince its inception in 1847 until its end. He was anadventurer and warrior who was directly involvedin the democratic revolution in Germany in 1848.The works of Marx and Engels are authentic.Some of the writings bear the name of Engels. Onesuch was the criticism of Duhring that was publishedwith the name of ‘anti-Duhring’. Duhring was aGerman scholar who condemned Marx in the nameof classical socialist theories.