We commemorate the 2nd anniversary of Comrade Zia's death
Two years before today, Comrade Zia passed away due to an illness and fell into eternal sleep. Comrade Zia done valuable services to the communist movement (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) in Afghanistan and around the world during his struggles of life.
Comrade Zia, with a principled understanding of the (MLM) and the Chinese Cultural Revolution and with a principled analysis of the Chinese Cultural Revolution, correctly summarized the history of the Chinese Communist Party and identify the deep ideological-political deviations of revisionists crawling within the Chinese Communist Party. On the second anniversary of Comrade Zia's death, we honor his memory.
comrade Zia is the first Maoist figure in Afghanistan to wave the flag of comrade Akram's principled line, which had been buried under the ashes for many years, in the country, and to develop this line. Comrade Zia was the first Maoist figure in the country to prioritize the establishment of the Communist Party of Afghanistan and to establish the Communist Party of Afghanistan. Comrade Zia is the first Maoist figure in the country to recognize Maoism as the third stage of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist evolution, and he attended and took an active part in the wide-ranging meeting of 1993 in which the Long Live the Document of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism was adopted. Comrade Zia used Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (then Mao Zedong's thought) as a guide for his thought and action. Before that, no one dared to raise this flag, no one dared to create an organization and a party on this basis, but he had this moral and revolutionary courage. (Although Akhgar had a plan to establish a Communist Party in Afghanistan, they did not pursue it and eventually fell into Hoxhaism.) In short, the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan considers the pride of the development of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist line and the study of the Afghanistan communist movement as the result of the efforts of Comrade Zia.
Comrade Zia is the first Maoist figure in Afghanistan to correctly identify the revisionist traces of the “Avakian New Synthesis” leader of the American Revolutionary Communist Party, and in a principled move with the Central Committee of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan stood against this revisionist line and nailed revisionism of “Avakian New Syntheses”.
Comrade Zia is the first Maoist figure in Afghanistan to stand up against the revisionism of the “Parachanda path” and the profound deviation of “Gonzalo's thought”, and to conduct his struggles in this field in a principled manner.
To get to know Comrade Zia better and more accurately, we will briefly review his political life, so that the young generation of the country and all the revolutionary forces can properly understand this figure and know where and how he started his struggles and how to reach the lofty peak of Maoism, and how he was able to properly lead the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan within 17 years.
An overview of Comrade Zia's political struggles in Afghanistan
In this study, we will try to depict Comrade Zia's political life as it was and to show how Comrade Zia turned from national-religious and nationalist struggles to class struggles, and leaded and guided correctly and in principle in the direction of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism. One should not be like the imaginative liquidators, sometimes introducing Comrade Zia as a Maoist as child and sometimes lowering him to the level of a surrender. However, both movements of the liquidators have a common root, and that is: subjectivism combined with liquidationist. One must be objectivist and analyze every problem with the method of dialectical materialism.
Comrade Zia's political life has gone through three stages:
The initial stage of Comrade Zia's struggles
His struggle period inside APLO (Afghanistan People's Liberation Organization)
His struggle period after APLO
We briefly review all three steps:
The initial stage of Comrade Zia's struggles:
During this period, Comrade Zia felt the national chauvinism of the ruling class of the Pashtun nation with his own flesh and blood, and began his struggle against the chauvinism of the ruling class of the Pashtun nation from a nationalist point of view. At this time his views were limited to national-religious and nationalist struggles.
Comrade Zia wanted to go to Quetta, Pakistan in 1977 to expand his struggle, he did not reach this destination and was arrested by the ruling class in Kandahar province and sent to Kandahar prison. Kandahar Prison was a good school for Comrade Zia. In Kandahar Prison, he realized that national oppression was closely linked to class oppression, and that other oppressions could not be eradicated without resolving class oppression. It was from here that Comrade Zia broke away from the nationalist perspective and his struggles took on a national-class orientation.
Comrade Zia was released on bail in the middle of 1978, six months after coup gang of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA).
At the time of Comrade Zia's release from prison, the group of late Majid had just cut off from the “People's Revolutionary Group of Afghanistan”. Comrade Zia joined this group after communications and meetings, and remained one of the late Majid's supporters until his lifetime and even after his death. Comrade Zia launched an armed struggle against the Russian mercenary coup regime after the creation of APLO.
Comrade Zia's struggles within APLO:
After Comrade Zia joined APLO, he was one of the staunch defenders of Majid and APLO 's program. When Majid was arrested and executed without trial by the criminal and fascist regime, Dr. Hadi Mahmoudi with his group had cut off from “APLO” and establish the "Organization for the Liberation of the True Patriots" (SAVO). In this time, it fell into the hands of "new thinkers" and the struggle path of "APLO " took the Islamic direction.
“Announcing the positions of APLO”, which was in fact the “program of new thinkers” and publicly defended the Islamic Revolution and the Islamic Republic. Comrade Zia rose to the challenge by “announcing APLO 's positions” as an unprincipled line and against the national democratic struggle, and calling the “declaration of positions” revisionist. In other words, comrade Zia's intra-organizational struggles began with the broadcast of “Announcing APLO 's Positions.”
When “APLO” became interested in Chinese revisionists, the Central Committee of “APLO”, in the absence of Comrade Zia, suggested to the Supreme Leader that at least ten top-level cadres be sent to China for training for Afghanistan's future leadership. The decision was met with strong opposition from Comrade Zia. And when the heavy burden surrendered to the occupiers of “Soviet” social imperialism and the puppet regime in the foothills, Comrade Zia called it a blatant betrayal and fought against it within “APLO”. In such a situation, Comrade Zia still believed that “APLO” was a “liberation” organization and considered its struggles as national liberation struggles.
In the 1982, the resolution of the first conference of the Gharchistan section of APLO expressed its evaluation of “APLO” as follows:
“Afghanistan People's Liberation Organization, as a revolutionary organization that was founded in response to the urgent demand of the working class of the country, has a difficult task in order to prepare and establish the leading role of the working class in the new democratic revolution." And commensurate with these tasks requires strong organizational determination. Ideological deviations, which in fact express class surrender, destroy the political determination of the organization and forget its organizational strength, and thus pave the way for organizational vulnerability and national surrender tendencies in its various forms.”
The resolution explicitly states: “It urges all sections of the organization to abstain from passive and liberal methods in this regard and to vigorously defend the “independent national and revolutionary policy” (1) of the APLO must stand up.”
The second conference of the Gharchistan section of APLO, which was held on May 13, 1984, also insisted on the above-mentioned matter. This issue shows that until this time Comrade Zia had neither fully understood the theory of three world revisionism, nor had he come to the belief that "APLO" is not a liberating organization, but a surrendering organization.
The main reason for this confusion is that Comrade Zia's thinking had not yet reached the rational level of knowledge of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism (then Mao Zedong). Nevertheless, Comrade Zia waged his relentless struggle against submission and surrender, as well as against the revisionism of the theory of the three worlds within “APLO” and at the general conference of “APLO” strongly against the spirit of submission and surrender and tendencies the three-world revisionist “APLO” took a stand. Comrade Zia's struggles led Qayyum to establish a “Surrender investigation committee” and to hand over responsibility to Comrade Zia. In the same way, Qayyum promoted the leader comrade Zia to a member of the political bureau and gave him the military responsibility of “APLO”. However, this promotion did not have any effect on Comrade Zia's struggles against surrender and gaining relations with China. He continued these struggles vigorously and investigated surrender. The occupiers of social imperialism and their dictatorial regime were not finished when the APLO delegation led by Sh. Ahangar returned from China and made a proposal to the Chinese revisionists that the APLO leader and military official should visit China. Comrade Zia strongly opposed this proposal and took a stand against the revisionism of the three worlds. Comrade Zia's stance provoked the most controversial debate with APLO's leadership.
In order to save himself from these debates, the leadership of “APLO” assigned Comrade Zia to attend the Geneva conference on behalf of “APLO”. “APLO” had considered Comrade Zia's trip to Europe in favor of “APLO” in two ways:
1- It is very likely that Comrade Zia will not return to Afghanistan. And 2- Because the majority in the Geneva Committee has three worlds, Comrade Zia will surely be influenced by the three worlds, and Comrade Zia will leave aside the discussion of the theory of the three worlds. But things did not go as planned by APLO, and when Comrade Zia arrived in Europe, he first began his research on the Geneva Committee. When Comrade Zia realized that the three worlds formed the majority of this committee, he did not contact the committee at all and instead attended the Paris court and the Hamburg court. It was here that Comrade Zia contacted the representatives of the communist parties of Peru, Turkey and Iran and discussed and exchanged opinions.
In a discussion with the Marxist-Leninist Party of Turkey, Comrade Zia criticized APLO's position on the theory of the three worlds and his surrenders. Comrade Zia's stance was welcomed by the representatives of the Turkish Communist Party, and it was decided that this communication would be further deepened and expanded. This trip made Comrade Zia happy and gave him a better understanding of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, and he knew that there was nothing in common between Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong's thought and the theory of the three worlds, and that the theory of the three worlds was a counter-revolutionary theory.
“Independent national and revolutionary policy” is a policy that seeks to integrate the thought of the proletariat with a democratic outcome and under the guise of Islam.
Comrade Zia, after planning his trip to Europe and presenting detailed reports of this trip to “APLO”, the leadership of “APLO” instead of accepting this offer and attending the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (then Mao Zedong thought) Parties and Organizations, on the contrary thought of preparing for a trip to China. When Comrade Zia realized that the leadership of “APLO” was not at all interested in forming the Communist Party and participating in the 1984 conference, and was more inclined to the revisionists of China, Comrade Zia stood firm in the struggle against the reactionary line of “APLO” and stopped his struggles. He seriously did everything inside “APLO”. It was at this time that Comrade Zia took a stand against the theory of the three worlds as the boundary between Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong's thought and revisionism.
During his trip to Europe in 1985, Comrade Zia realized exactly the role of the Communist Party led by the proletariat, and after returning to Europe, he took a strong stand against the “independent national policy” and the three-world revisionism. This caused Comrade Zia to draw the line between Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong and break the APLO line as a reactionary line.
Therefore, Comrade Zia announced the severance of his relationship with APLO and on April 3, 1986, founded the “Revolutionary Core of the Communists of Afghanistan.”
Comrade Zia’s struggle after “APLO”
In fact, the fundamental difference between Comrade Zia and APLO was to draw the line between revolution and counter-revolution and Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong's thought, and the revisionist theory of the three worlds. The reason for Comrade Zia to split from “APLO” was to draw this line. After splitting from APLO, Comrade Zia focused more on the structure of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist (then Mao Zedong's thought0 formation. Comrade Zia first founded the “Revolutionary Core of the Communists of Afghanistan”, deepening relations with the Marxist-Leninist-Mao Zedong parties and especially the RIM. Comrade Zia's move dealt a severe blow to APLO's relations with Chinese revisionists. That is why the anger of the leadership of “APLO” against Comrade Zia and the Gharchistan section under his leadership aroused. The leadership of “APLO” decided that it should stop Comrade Zia's struggles in any way possible, even if it could destroy him physically. Based on this decision, they brutally and reactionarily attacked the house of Comrade Zia and set it on fire. Fortunately, Comrade Zia was not at home. This barbaric attack had no effect on Comrade Zia's struggles against the surrender and theory of the three worlds. Comrade Zia remained steadfast like a mountain and carried out his ideological-political struggles in the newspaper “Voice of the Revolution” in a correct and principled manner against the surrender and revisionist theses and criticized the deviant and revisionist lines of “APLO” and “Afghanistan Liberation Organization”. And contract review. For more information on this topic, you can refer to the third, fourth and fifth issues of The Voice of the Revolution on the website of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan.
Comrade Zia wrote in his critique of “APLO” that:
“The scientific terms Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong's thought are the product of the advanced social environments of the leaders of the proletariat and the communists of the world, and we have no right to confine their revolutionary concepts and terms to the limited and inadequate formats of our local languages. But when we do so and give our inadequate and limited national language forms a capacity beyond their social and historical capacity, the “independent national policy” as a full-fledged bourgeois-nationalist policy exists. In other words, the international aspect of the scientific terms of Marxism-Leninism- Mao Zedong's thought is completely destroyed and it becomes a native and local term that no longer has that international meaning, and the inner content of those terms is lost, and as a result, the ideology that can be expressed by this Other terms are not the ideology of the international proletariat, i.e. Marxism-Leninism- Mao Zedong's thought, which will be a "revolutionary national ideology" and the policy that is formulated based on this ideology will no longer be an internationalist policy of the proletariat, but an “independent national policy”.” (Third issue of voice of the Revolution - 1986)
The above-mentioned discussion shows the complete separation of Comrade Zia from “APLO” and the “Independent National Policy of APLO” Until 1985, he defended the program and “independent national policy” of APLO. Note this discussion:
“The Gharchistan section of the APLO, in the first phase of its activity from the time of the conference of the activists of the section until the establishment of the “National Conference of the APLO”, apparently belonged to the APLO supporters' faction. In particular, he was incapable of advancing the ideological-political struggle of the communists against the revisionist policy. This made the issue of the struggle against surrender, which had been raised by this section as the main issue and the main struggle, a completely internal matter of “APLO” and finally, the representatives of this sector sit next to the traitors in the “general conference” of “APLO”.
On the other hand, the struggle of the Gharchistan part against the surrender of “APLO” was basically more political and did not stem from a deep understanding of the ideological-political bases of “APLO” surrender. For this reason, all the efforts made by this sector against surrender, and it can be said that it had a positive role to some extent, were not able to protect the formations of this department from the influence of surrender...” (The Fourth and Fifth voice of revolution – July and August 1986 - Page 23)
In 1986, Comrade Zia broke with all of APLO's thoughts and ideas as a bourgeois-nationalist reactionary line and founded the “Core of the Revolutionary Communists of Afghanistan”.
It was this rupture that completely polished the ideological-political foundations of Comrade Zia and guided him in the right and principled path of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong's thought. This was a definite rupture that made comrade Zia realize his most fundamental theoretical task (the proposed plan of the Communist Party of Afghanistan): comrade Zia writes in the seventh issue of voice of revolution on page 2 of the December 1986 issue:
The “Revolutionary Core of the Afghanistan Communists”, which considers its most basic theoretical task to be the formulate of the proposed program of the Communist Party of Afghanistan and its most basic practical task to ensure the unity of the Marxist-Leninist- Maoist forces without thought for the creation of a communist party in Afghanistan, cannot achieve its great and historical achievement without organization and organized movement.
It was after this rupture that Comrade Zia, in the eleventh issue of the “Voice of Revolution”, rejected APLO's “independent national policy” as a counter-revolutionary policy, and calling it a complete rejection of proletarian internationalism. On the second page of the eleventh issue of "Voice of Revolution", Comrade Zia examines the issue of “independent national policy” as follows:
“When we look at the “APLO” program, we see how it started with the priority of “establishing a national and revolutionary identity and carrying out a revolution in one's own country” over “an unbreakable link with the global labor movement” and finally, instead of the basic principle of proletarian internationalism, they achieve “independent national and revolutionary action”, means bourgeois-nationalist positions.”
It was this deep ideological-political dissociation that led Comrade Zia to conclude that no revolution could succeed without the three weapons of the revolution (the Communist Party, the People's Army, and the United National Front led by the Communist Party). Therefore, Comrade Zia made the proposed plan of the Communist Party of Afghanistan a priority. Pay attention to this discussion of comrade Zia:
“The revolutionary core of the Afghanistan communists at the present moment, the first effective practical step towards advancing the struggle for the establishment of the Communist Party of Afghanistan, is to ensure the ideological-political and organizational unity between the Committee for Propaganda and Promotion of Marxism-Leninism- Mao Zedong Thought... and the revolutionary core.... Knows and believes that the process of creating unity between these two strongholds of the communist struggle must be accelerated and a single stronghold must be created with communist principles, determination and frankness in the joint ideological-political and organizational struggles against the "left" and right deviations.
The flag of Marxism-Leninism - Mao Zedong's thought is the flag of the struggle of all the communists of the world and the flag of the struggle of all the communists of Afghanistan. In close connection with our communist comrades in the world, we must keep this flag united and unified in Afghanistan, more steadfast and higher, and in a way that the blood of thousands upon thousands of our martyred comrades has turned pink; "Together and unity, we must take the lead, heavy and firm." (Voice of the Revolution-seventh - Pages 2 and 3)
Comrade Zia considered the elimination of organizational shortcomings, which was the nascent stage and immaturity of the labor movement in Afghanistan, only in the existence of the Communist Party of Afghanistan and the strength and expansion of such a party.
Comrade Zia describes the half of the solar sixties as a new stage in the rise of the Afghanistan communist movement. In fact, after the collapse of the “Progressive Youth Organization” in the half of the solar sixties, the Afghanistan communist movement came to life again and rose to prominence.
In order to form the Communist Party of Afghanistan, Comrade Zia first examined the Communist Movement of Afghanistan and, by analyzing the positive and negative aspects of the “Progressive Youth Organization”, broke away from its negative aspects and developed its positive aspects. Based on this analysis, Comrade Zia founded the “Revolutionary Communist Organization of Afghanistan” in 1989, three years after the establishment of the "Revolutionary Core of the Communists of Afghanistan" and in the document “Announcing the Positions of the Revolutionary Organization of the Communists of Afghanistan” Officially announced the existence of the organization. This document not only described Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, but also endorsed Maoism. In 1992, he founded the Communist Party of Afghanistan as a leading party of the proletariat in Afghanistan. And published the second round of Shola Javid (eternal flame) as the central organ of the “Communist Party of Afghanistan”. The Afghanistan working class was the first to benefit from its vanguard party. We have said many times and we say again that the honor of this qualitative development of the communist movement in Afghanistan belongs only to Comrade Zia.
Inspired by the Chinese Cultural Revolution, Comrade Zia realized the importance of the internal struggle, to promote linear struggles within the organization, he published the magazine “Sangar (trench)”. This magazine continued its activity until the establishment of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan. It published 4 issues. And in the same way, the “Communist” journal was chosen to advance the line struggles within the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan, and twenty-two issues were published until Comrade Zia died.
Just as Comrade Zia tried to unite the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist groups and organizations of Afghanistan after the creation of the “core of the revolutionary communists” in the same way, after the imperialist occupiers under the leadership of American imperialism invaded Afghanistan and occupied this country, a step forward was also made in this field. By publishing a declaration, in addition to condemning the occupation of the country, he emphasized the unity of all Maoists in Afghanistan. This plan of Comrade Zia was first accepted by the “Unity Committee of the Communist (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) Movement of Afghanistan” and after that, the “Revolutionary Alliance of Afghanistan Workers” and some other personalities also accepted this plan.
The three organizations (the Communist Party of Afghanistan, the Committee for the Unity of the Communist Movement (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) of Afghanistan, and the Revolutionary Union of Afghanistan Workers) met in early 2002 to discuss global and national issues for three days. At the end of the meeting, a joint statement was issued by all three factions to form an “Unity Committee of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist Movement of Afghanistan” to resolve ideological-political differences, in which it strongly condemned the occupation of the country and the emergency Loya Jirga. After this meeting, the process of unification of the Marxist-Leninist-Maoist movement in Afghanistan began. During the process, some members of the "Unity of the Communist Movement (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) Committee of Afghanistan" withdrew and the “Paykar Organization for the Rescue of Afghanistan” dissolved this committee. From then on, the process of unification between the three factions (the Communist Party of Afghanistan, Paykar Organization for the Rescue of Afghanistan and the Revolutionary Union of Afghanistan Workers) was carried out. And after going through the steps of the unification process, it led to the establishment of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan.
Comrade Zia was the leader of the communist (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) movement in Afghanistan from 1986 onwards, the creation of the "revolutionary core of the Afghan communists" until 2020. He was able to lead and guide this movement in the right and principled Marxist-Leninist-Maoist direction.
After the establishment of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan, the task in front of Comrade Zia was to determine and separate the contradictions, or in other words, to determine the major and minor contradictions and to separate the major contradictions from the fundamental contradictions The boundary between revolution and counter-revolution, distancing oneself from surrendered and surrendering forces and forming experienced cadres of revolutionaries who strictly observe party discipline and are skilled in the art of fighting the police, and launching intra-party linear struggles to eliminate Mistakes and preventing the influence of bad elements in the party.
The Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan, under the leadership of Comrade Zia, from its inception proceeded with all kinds of revisionism, opportunism, surrender and surrendering, deviance and deviations within the party with appeasement and some unprincipled concessions. These struggles were well carried out after the death of Comrade Zia against the liquidators creeping into the party. It was this determination in the internal struggles of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan that the abolitionists realized that they could no longer advance their abolitionist line within the party by cunning, so they separated. As a result of these internal struggles that the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan was purged of the filth of corrupt and dissolving elements
“... Party struggle gives strength and life to the party, the greatest reason for the party's weakness is the dispersion and ambiguity of the explicitly clear, the party is strengthened by its purification ...” (taken from Lassalle's letter to Marx, June 24, 1852- What is to be done)
Failure to deal decisively with the dissidents caused the party many problems, and repeatedly led to the downfall and even collapse of the Communist (Maoist) Party in Afghanistan.
It was this indecision of the party that in 2013, ten months before the Second National Congress of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan, due to the betrayal of Zealand, a number of women, girls and young people left the party in a mass. This was the biggest blow to the party during the party's campaign life. According to Comrade Zia, even the imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime could never strike such a blow at the party. Comrade Zia says in this regard:
"Nevertheless, in the context of the indecent move that came from Zealand, and even after he confessed to his crime, never dealt with his punishment in a correct and principled manner. The lack of a principled confrontation led to more serious deviations, even to the point of liquidation within the party.” (Materials about various aspects of comrade Zeeland’s case)
One of the manifestations of the contradictory lines mentioned in the political report to the Second All-Party Congress, which acts but does not theorize, was the existence of creeping dissidents within the party who acted on their own and beat the party again and again. After the death of Comrade Zia, they made public their liquidation movements and thought of theorizing it. Fortunately, with the right movement and principled struggles within the party, the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan eliminated the liquidators from its ranks. In this way, it took steps towards more and better strength.
Another conflict between the hateful lines mentioned in the political report to the second party congress is the existence of patriarchal chauvinism within the party and the violent confrontations of some liquidators, especially Zelaand, with women.
One of the most obvious examples of the dissidents is their attitude towards Comrade Zia and his Maoist philosophy. They want to misuse Comrade Zia's name to build a springboard for themselves and confuse Comrade Zia's identity with their actions. Sometimes they want to portray Zia's comrade as a Maoist since childhood and make him a JafaTora (The infallible great leader (, and sometimes they lower his philosophical views to the level of surrenderists.
In their invalid declaration in 2021, in Shola Jawid’s unreliable website, on the occasion of Comrade Zia's death, the surrenderers emphasized that “after the collapse of the “Progressive Youth Organization” in Afghanistan, the principled communist struggle was mainly carried out by the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan under the leadership of Comrade Zia...”
However,”"after the collapse of the “Progressive Youth Organization””, there was neither a Communist (Maoist) party nor the comrade Zia was a Maoist at the time. Anyone who is a little familiar with the political history of the country can correctly understand the sinister goals of the liquidators. We criticized this article in the sixth issue of the fifth round of the Shola Jawid (www.cmpa.io) For more information, refer to the seventh page of this issue.
Similarly, the liquidators wrote in a message of condolence on the occasion of the death of Comrade Zia:
“Comrade Zia paid special attention to the Maoist theory, which was a major contradiction. He never missed an opportunity to highlight this major contradiction between imperialism, the oppressed peoples and nations; “Regarding Afghanistan, he stressed that the main conflict between the imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime is with the people of the country.”
This debate is in every sense counter-revolutionary and surrenderists. In this debate, the lines of national surrender and class surrender are well defined.
Comrade Zia not only “paid special attention to the Maoist theory of principal contradictions” and not only identified the conflict between the Afghanistan people and the imperialist occupiers as a principal conflict, but also correctly distinguished the principal conflict and the fundamental conflict and stated explicitly that The principal contradiction is one of the great manifestations of the fundamental contradiction, the fundamental contradiction also has other great manifestations that are not principal at the present stage, they should not be overlooked. Comrade Zia emphasized that the struggle against non- principal conflict should be carried out in the sequence of principal conflict and should never be forgotten or postponed until after the revolution. Comrade Zia explicitly stated that forgetting the non-principal conflict means class surrenderist.
Comrade Zia placed great emphasis on the conflict between the oppressed nations and the ruling class of the Pashtun nation (national chauvinism) and the conflict between men and women (sexual chauvinism). He said that although these two contradictions are not principal, and should be promoted in the sequences of the principal contradiction, they should not be marginalized or forgotten and postponed after the revolution. Comrade Zia, although paid special attention to the principal conflict against the imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime, never neglected the task of principal struggle. He always prioritized principal struggle tasks. He has repeatedly emphasized that forgetting non-principal contradictions and other non-principal contradictions means class surrenderist. Likewise, forgetting the principal task of struggle means national surrenderist.
When the “Afghanistan Liberation Organization” wrote the book, "Let's Learn from the Mistakes of the Past, Let's Continue Our Way to Survivors” it explicitly identified principal and non-principal conflicts in Afghanistan. In the book, the conflict between the people of Afghanistan and the imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime was stated as a principal contradiction, because it did not specify the main task of the struggle, in a critique called “The basic need of the Liberation Organization is to break free from Economism, Revisionism and National betrayals, not just to learn from past mistakes”, we took a strong position against it and called it national capitulation and class capitulation. because on the one hand the principal task of struggle had been forgotten and on the other hand the struggle against non-principal conflict had been postponed until after the revolution. Forgetting the principal struggle task of national capitulation and forgetting the non-principal conflict means class capitulation.
When it is stated that the conflict between the people of Afghanistan and the imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime is a principal conflict, but the main task of the struggle is not stated, it means that in order to drive out the invaders and overthrow the puppet regime, there is no need for a revolutionary and popular national resistance war (the current form of the people's war) in Afghanistan, and these goals can be achieved through other means, namely peaceful struggle and cooperation with the puppet regime. What has been clearly shown in the invalid number (27), Shola Javid, fourth round, the unreliable website of the liquidators. Whenever readers refer to the invalid website of the shola Jawid (www.sholajawid.org) and read the title page of the twenty-seventh issue, they will see that the slogan of the People's War has been removed from the title page of this issue and instead a manipulated quote from Mao Zedong has been placed. But when the principal conflict and the principal task of the struggle are identified and the struggle against the non-principal conflict is forgotten, it means class capitulation. We experienced this situation during the struggle against the social imperialist occupiers and the puppet regime with our own flesh and blood. It is now seen that the liquidators, by launching empty discussions, only want to turn the character and identity of Comrade Zia upside down in order to achieve their sinister liquidationist goals.
The Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan last year, in its critique of the declaration, made it clear that the dissidents had taken the path of surrenderist, and this year the publication of the twenty-seventh issue of “Shola Jawid” by them clearly demonstrated their capitulation.
When you refer to the philosophical discussions of Comrade Zia, you will see very well what a smart and subtle distortion has been done by the liquidators.
Comrade Zia had well understood the abolitionist position within the party. With his deep understanding of the forms and types of revisionism and liquidationism, he revealed its revisionist face before the “new syntheses” of Avakian could make a place among the internationalist revolutionary movement. And by holding a party seminar, he was able to somewhat neutralize the role of abolitionist within the party and prevent the collapse of the party. But unfortunately, before long, this role was able to deal a strong blow to the party with Zeeland’s betrayal.
Comrade Zia played a very worthy role in defending Marxism-Leninism-Maoism in Afghanistan when the fascist regime of "Soviet" social imperialism, and the jihadist reactionary parties, on the other hand, were bent on severely suppressing the revolutionary forces of Afghanistan. This role cannot be ignored. In the same way, Comrade Zia also played an important role in the unification of the Maoist forces of Afghanistan. This role of Comrade Zia is also appreciable.
The loss of Comrade Zia leader of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan, this great poet and great internationalist, is a great loss for the international communist movement (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) and the communist movement of Afghanistan.
،The memory of Comrade Zia be cherished
June 22, 2022
Central Committee of the Communist (Maoist) Party of Afghanistan