Cadres for ‘people’s war’
KATHMANDU, Jan 13: The representatives of CPN-Maoist in the ongoing seventh general convention have suggested to the party leadership to go for “people´s war” while leaving the “people´s revolt” option open. Leaders of 21 various teams formed to discuss the political document presented by party chairman Mohan Baidya made the suggestion to the party after discussions within their teams on Saturday. They have argued that the party should start ´people´s war´ for national liberation since ´civil war´ has already come to an end.
Referring to the ´bunker war´ that the then CPN (Maoist) had launched after then Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal returned home from India during the insurgency a participant said, “There is overwhelming demand that the party should resume the “people´s war” from the point where it left off while leaving the “people´s revolt” option open. As the general convention is scheduled to conclude with the top leaders responding to the reports of party representatives, Kiran Pun of Republica caught up some of the participants to learn their view on various issues including the model of federalism, road map of “people´s revolt” and expectations they have from the general convention.
Samjhana Gharti Magar, Rolpa
The party should mainly take two crucial decisions. Firstly, the party should sketch a clear roadmap of the revolution to ensure that the Nepali people would not be victimized by betrayal of the leadership. Secondly, the party should do away with nepotism, and the feudal and bureaucratic culture in the party. The leaders should work for the interests of the masses rather than themselves. Furthermore, ensuring federalism would compensate the people who have lost their identities in the past.
Suresh Ram, Mithila
The roadmap for the revolution should come through people´s revolt. Identity-based federalism is the most suitable form of federalism for Nepal. Moreover, the party should not participate in the upcoming election. We should also learn from the fact that we could not have our say even when we were in majority in dissolved CA
Bir Bahadur Khadka aka Bijuli, Jajarkot
The party should guarantee successful completion of the revolution by sketching a clear roadmap. For this, the leaders should undergo proletariatization. The party should go for people´s revolt as nothing can be gained without an armed struggle.
Raj Kumari Shahi, Kalikot
The party had made commitments to the people from places like Karnali and such other neglected areas and communities. The party should come up with a clear roadmap to complete the revolution through the people´s war.
Krishna Prasad Dhakal, Kavre, father of Chandra Kumar, who was disappeared by the Bhairavnath battalion
The party should guarantee investigation into disappearances. The general convention should press an investigation into persons disappeared during the conflict and action against the guilty. If not, the party should launch an armed struggle.
Dhruba Bista, Seti-Mahakali state committee member
The party should sketch a clear roadmap on addressing the issues raised by the party in the past. Fresh election would be meaningless. The only way for the party to address the issues it raised in the past is to launch people´s war. It should also ensure identity-based federalism.
Amar BK, Achham
The party should come up with a clear roadmap to complete the revolution and prove that its decision to break away from the mother party was right. Fresh election cannot provide a solution. The party should go for an armed struggle.
Baidhya to respond to comments on his dossier
Sunday KATHMANDU: Chairman Mohan Baidhya’s political dossier has drawn mixed response from the representatives and observers in the closed session of the ongoing seventh national congress of CPN-Maoist Saturday. On the third day of the closed session, Maoist Spokesperson Pampha Bhusal said, group-wise discussions were held on various issues including the chairman’s paper and the party strategy, line and future course.
The leaders of all 21 groups presented the comments collected during the group-wise discussion. Additional two leaders from the Mithila and Bhojpura state committees also put forth their opinions on the dossier and other issues, according to Bhusal. Leader Hitman Shakya said the response on the chairman’s political paper and other issues was mixed, and the speakers’ opinion over the party line and strategy was divided. Chairman Baidhya and other top leaders are scheduled to respond to the comments in the closed session tomorrow, Shakya informed. Kicked off here in the Capital on Wednesday, the Maoist gala is set to conclude tomorrow
CPN-Maoist closed session halted till Saturday
KATHMANDU, Jan 11:The closed session of the ongoing 7th general convention of CPN-Maoist has been put off till next morning as group discussion could not be completed on Friday. Maheshwor Dahal, a central committee member of the party, said the discussion will resume Saturday, after which group leaders will put forth their views on the political document and party statute presented a day earlier
People’s constitution through struggle: CPN-Maoist
KATHMANDU, Jan 11:The ongoing 7th General Convention of the CPN-Maoist in Kathmandu on Thursday formed 21 groups to discuss the party´s political document and its statute. The closed session of the general convention also formed a five-member presidium under the leadership of Tilak Pariyar. “The groups will discuss the political document and the party statute,” said Pampha Bhusal, party spokeswoman.
According to her, some of the groups have been formed as per the party´s state committees. There are 25 to 225 members in a group and among them the Magarat state committee group has the largest membership of 225. The CPN-Maoist has 13 geographical state committees and the rest of the groups have been formed as per the party´s sister wings and fronts.
There is also a special state committee. Presidium Chairman Pariyar will chair the closed session and Hitman Shakya will conduct it. Other members are Jayapuri Gharti Magar, Shiv Ram Yadav and Mausam Limbu. According to the Maoist leaders, the presidium has been formed ensuring representation for various regions and communities.
The political document has already been discussed at the party´s lower levels — village, municipality, district and state committee. Presenting the party´s statute, Dev Gurung alerted party representatives gathered from across the country to the need to save the party from the chances of misuse of democracy and centralism, which was needed for maintaining discipline in the party organization.
He emphasized the need to learn from their experience in the UCPN (Maoist). “In the past, the party became a victim of anarchism promoted in the name of democracy, and at the same time the rank and file became oppressed as a bureaucratic mindset held sway among the top leadership, in the name of maintaining party discipline under the guise of democratic centralism,” Gurung said. “Now, we need to develop a collective leadership by striking a right balance between democratic centralism in the party organization and people´s democratic system in principle.”
The scheduled closed session was delayed due to controversy over the selection of representatives for the general convention from the Bhojapura state committee. Cadres had manhandled Badri Bajagain, a state committee vice-secretary. After resolving the dispute, the closed session started behind schedule. Altogether 1,200 representatives, 400 observers, 300 volunteers and 100 cultural artists are participating in the convention. The five-day convention will conclude on Sunday.
Highlights of political document
Indian expansionism is main exploiter of Nepal while American imperialism is increasing in South Asia.
Main obstruction and threat to revolution is American imperialism
Rightist revisionism is main threat to world revolution.
Imperialist countries including USA are weak, dependent on financial capital
To form front against imperialist and expansionist forces
To develop brotherhood among parties that follow Marxism, Leninism and Maoism
Nepal is neo-colonial and national sovereignty is in great danger
Principle enemy are stooges, burocrats and feudal class directed and mobilized by Indian expansionism
To form people´s constitution through struggle
To form a front and working alliance among leftist, nationalist, federalist and democratic forces
Objective reality for revolution is forming in Nepal but subjective reality is weak
The nature of Nepal´s revolution is long-run
To reorganize people´s communes
To establish new democratic republican Nepal through new democratic revolution
Size of semi-proletariat in Nepal increasing hugely due to employees
Group discussion on Baidya’s report concludes
KATHMANDU, Jan. 11: Group-wise deliberations on the political proposal presented by CPN-Maoist Chairman Mohan Baidya and the statute proposal by Secretary Dev Prasad Gurung in the ongoing general convention of the party concluded on Friday.
A total of 21 groups had been formed in the closed session on Thursday for discussion on the reports. All the 21 groups completed their comments on the reports today, according to party spokesperson Pampha Bhusal. In the closed session tomorrow, the group leaders would give a brief statement in response to the comments they received in course of the discussion. Majority of the convention representatives and observers speaking today had supported the Chairman´s report but called for clarity in some issues.
On the occasion, some participants were of the view that the party should immediately go for people´s war while others were in favour of formal means of struggle by taking part in the constituent assembly elections. Some also urged the leaders of the party to change their current lifestyle, develop a mechanism of collective decision-making and to put an end to nepotism, favouritism and regionalism. The general convention that began on January 9 will end on January 13 with the election of a new leadership and the roadmap ahead
Weighing the CPN-M General Convention
-DR. BISHNU HARI NEPAL
The CPN-M has not registered itself in the Election Commission. It has only informed the latter that they have come into existence. It is not indicative enough that CPN-M will take part in the next election.
It is rather the symptom that the party will take up the arms again despite the speculation of a section of the people The newly established Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M) is holding its General Convention on 9-13 January 2013, in Kathmandu. Even though it is a new party, established by splitting with the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), but it has declared that it is the party’s ‘Seventh’ General Convention and they are holding it after nearly 21 years. Indications are clear that the CPN-M is claiming to be the mainstream of the good old Communist Party of Nepal.
Side by side, UCPN (M) also has announced its General Convention next month. But it is yet to see officially how each counts its General Convention. The interesting side of the split is that Prachanda-Baburam led party UCPN (M) repeatedly and publicly asked Vaidhya-led party CPN-M to make the convention as ekataako mahaadhivesan (General Convention of Unity). But, CPN-M turned a deaf ear to the appeal of the once comrades-in-arms of the decade-long dreadful People’s War.
The reason is clear that the CPN-M and the UCPN (M) differ severely on ideological, organizational and strategic grounds. According to CPN-M, the UCPN (M) has turned into a neo- revisionist party plunging in the parliamentarian path. The conclusion of the CPN-M is that the dissolution of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and handing over of the keys of the cantonments to the government, without writing the people’s constitution as promised, was a blunder. According to the guiding principle of the establishment of the party in 1996, the act of the UCPN (M) is deplorable and unpardonable.
The communist parties in Nepal, including UCPN (M), normally used to assess the situation of the country to be of semi-feudal and semi-colonial character. But the CPN-M has gone one step forward and termed it semi-feudal and ‘neo-colonial’ character studying the contemporary influence of regional hegemony and imperialism. The observation of the CPN-M is focused on the infiltration of the big power influence, e.g. on tools of infiltration in the economy, demography, class, culture and soil of the country. These tools are hazardous to the political evolution of Nepal in the name of democratization and injurious to the national interest of a sovereign country since centuries.
The CPN-M has clearly mentioned that the time has now come to abrogate or rewrite those Treaties and Agreements with India which are unequal and outdated in the present day context. Side by side, the CPN-M has also clarified regarding the Treaties with People’s Republic of China also. They would like to write a new Treaty of Peace and Friendship with China replacing the old one of 1960 and 1963. When Baburam Bhattarai submitted the forty-point agenda to the Deuba government in 1996, eight were related to unequal Treaties, border encroachments, inundation problems due to construction activities in or near the no-man’s-land on the border and migration problems between Nepal and India.
But Bhattarai when in power, instead of resolving the forty-point issues, signed a very controversial BIPPA Agreement with India risking a clause of national compensation in case of loss of the project. Bhattarai not only signed the controversial agreement with India but also prepared to hand over sixteen airports’ management including the country’s only international airport TIA to India. All nationalist forces of Nepal regard it to be injurious to Nepal’s national security and more. Therefore, the CPN-M has officially handed over to the Prime Minister a seventy-point agenda, adding thirty to Bhattarai’s forty-point agenda of 1996, for implementation.
Thus, the significant aspect of the General Convention is the risk of repeating the history of the armed insurgency like that in 1996. It is relevant to recall the evening when General Secretary Baadal led the angry mob to burn the effigies of Prachanda and Baburam in New Road and Putali Sadak, and all over the country, when the PLA and the keys of the cantonment were completely handed over to the government and curfew was imposed in Shaktikhor Camp in Chitwan and others simultaneously.
The CPN-M has not registered itself in the Election Commission. It has only informed the latter that they have come into existence. It is not indicative enough that CPN-M will take part in the next election. It is rather the symptom that the party will take up the arms again despite the speculation of a section of the people that it is rather placed to merge with the old party UCPN (M).
If the Constituent Assembly is considered to be a base, after the split of Ashok Rai from the UML, CPN-M stands as the third largest party in the country. It has already submitted a memorandum to the President with signatures of 91 of its former parliamentarians. If the President, on the ground that they have not registered in the EC, does not count them as a strong force, will be falling to the false position like King Gyanendra’s arrogance in the recent history.
Dr. Nepal is Central Advisor and International Department Member, CPN-M